From Supercomputer Param to Own Satellite Navigation System, the story of India’s dominance in technology


On 19 April 1975, the country’s first satellite was launched in the name of India’s famous astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata. Aryabhatta, built at a cost of about Rs 3 crore, was developed in India by the Indian Space Research Institute (ISRO) with the help of the Soviet Union. This satellite was to be used in astronomy, aeronomics and solar physics. The weight of the satellite with a life of 17 years was 360 kg. If you want to feel a little nostalgia, then also know that the picture of this satellite was on two rupee note for many years.

The year 1978 is historical in terms of science. On October 3, 1978, India’s first and the world’s second test tube baby was born. October 3, 1978 was the first day of Durga Puja, so the baby girl born through test tube was named Durga. The father of India’s first test tube baby was Dr. Subhash Mukhopadhyay, but at first his work was doubted. However, after he committed suicide on 9 June 1981 in Kolkata, he was recognized as the father of the test tube baby.

Year 1991 and we have given ultimate knowledge to the world. The first supercomputer Param (PARAM) developed in the country stunned the world and especially America. In fact, four years ago in 1987, in the meeting between the then Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi and US President Ronald Reagan, America had refused to give its super computer (CRAY) to India. Exactly a year later, the Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) was founded under the leadership of the Department of Electronics and its director Dr Vijay Bhatkar. In just three years (C-DAC) stunned the whole world by making the country’s own super computer PARAM 8000. PARAM 8000 gave India a different identity and fame in the digital world.

The year was 1995 and the month was July. Date 31. When the call was made from the mobile phone for the first time. The then Central Government’s Information Technology Minister Sukhram had spoken to West Bengal CM Jyoti Basu on mobile, sitting thousands of kilometers away. The cost of the first call was Rs 16 per minute at that time. The device from which the call was made was made by Nokia. 27 years ago, this service was known as Mobile Net. Modi-Telstra, formed in partnership with Australia’s Telstra and India’s BK Modi Group, got the credit for becoming the country’s first mobile operator. In the year 1995, a total of eight companies were given license for cellular service.

On May 11, 1998, India did that explosion, whose echo is still heard with great pride. Under the nose of America, India successfully tested an atomic bomb in Pokhran, Rajasthan. In 1995, India’s attempt to test an atomic bomb had failed. But on May 11, 1998, under the leadership of the late President and aerospace engineer Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the country made such an explosion that the eyes of the whole world were torn apart. At around 3:45 am the trigger was pressed and such a powerful explosion took place that the sandy ground of Pokhran shook. A whirlwind of sand washed everything away. After the successful test of three bombs in Pokhran then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a nuclear country. With this, India became the sixth country to join the ‘Nuclear Club’ of the United Nations. The then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee said in Parliament, ‚ÄúThis is a changed India, which wants to walk with the world with eyes and hands.

The notification for the formation of the UIDAI for the Aadhaar card, which has become necessary almost everywhere, was issued on January 28, 2009. Today’s NITI Aayog or the then Planning Commission prepared the plan for a unique numbered identity card i.e. Aadhaar. Infosys founder Nandan Nilekani became its first chairman. The Aadhaar scheme was launched on a pilot basis in September 2010 in some rural areas of Maharashtra and in December this year, the government introduced the National Identification Authority of India Bill 2010 in Parliament. Today more than 90 percent of the people in India have their own Aadhar card. The first Aadhaar card was made on 29 September 2010 by Ranjana Sonawane of Maharashtra.

In February 2020, Realme introduced its smartphone Realme X50 Pro 5G. It had a great feature in it. Whose text was written by ISRO on 1 July 2013. On this day ISRO launched the indigenous GPS Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System. Named NavIC (Navigator). NAVIC is India’s own satellite navigation system. Navigator support is found in many smartphones of Qualcomm chipset. After this excellent navigation system, we are included in the league of countries in the world, in which China’s BeiDou, Russia’s Glonass and America’s GPS comes. Galileo of Europe is also a part of this league. Navic is a very advanced type of navigation system, which can get accurate information even from a distance of five meters. While the GPS has only one frequency, the navigator is equipped with dual frequencies.

Date 24 September 2014. India has done what no country in the world could do before. In fact, a few months before this date, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) sent the first Mangalyaan to space from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. India became the first Asian country to put the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) into the orbit of Mars. But the most important thing is that India became the first country in the world to do so in the first attempt. Prime Minister Modi praised (ISRO) for completing the Mars Orbiter Mission in just $ 75 million, saying, “We reached Mars in a budget less than the famous Hollywood film Gravity.” Modi did not stop here. He said that it takes 10 rupees to travel one kilometer by auto rickshaw in Ahmedabad, but we have covered the journey of Mangal Griha for only 7 rupees per kilometer.

Today digital payment is a common practice. But this was not the case before April 2016. National Payment Corporation of India launched Real Time Payment System on 11th April 2016. Today this is known as Unified Payment Interface (UPI). Payment app BHIM (BHIM or Bharat Interface for Money) is also based on UPI, which was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself. The UPI payment system made digital payments very easy for the people and merchants of India. All the banks in India are providing the facility of UPI, as well as tech giants like Google and WhatsApp are also making inroads in the Indian public on the basis of UPI payment system.

On August 1, 2022, a new chapter was written in the telecom sector in the country. The auction process of 5G spectrum in the country has been completed. A total of 1.5 lakh crore rupees were bid in the 5G spectrum auction and the wait for 5G in the country is over. Union Telecom Minister Ashwini Vaishnav said, “Auction has been completed and the process of approval, spectrum allocation and advance payment will be completed by August 12. It seems that by October, 5G service will start in the country.” Taking a step forward, Bharti Airtel, which was the second largest company in the auction, also officially announced the launch of its 5G service this month.


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